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India and China are the two most populous countries in the world, and both are large developing countries. The two countries have many similarities and have their own characteristics. In addition to the border disputes between the two countries, the comparison between India and China has always been a hot topic. Hello everyone, I’m Terry, this video talks about India vs China in the eyes of a Chinese.
India’s advantage 1: India has a younger population. Although the total population of both countries is about 1.4 billion, India’s population structure is younger than China, and India has a higher birth rate and a faster growth rate. China is already facing a serious population aging trend. In the future, India will have the largest labor force in the world. If India can make good use of it’s huge labor force, India will quickly rise to become an important force.
India’s advantage 2: India’s English education is better than China’s. Although the English accent of many Indians sounds a little strange, I have to admit that the English proficiency of Indian students is higher than that of China. English is the universal language of the world, and proficiency in English can help the highly educated groups in India quickly access the world division of labor system and reduce communication costs. In fact, a large number of Indian-Americans have entered American high-tech companies. Today, Google and Microsoft’s CEOs are all Indians. English can be said to be one of the prerequisites for their success.
India’s advantage 3: India is the world’s largest democratic country. Although India’s society has a caste system and severe polarization between rich and poor, as a Chinese, we must also admit that a democratic environment is more conducive to corporate innovation. The Chinese government has too many controls, and there are many industries that private enterprises cannot enter and cannot fully compete. China has strict Internet control. Although this is to prevent network destruction in Western countries, these control measures have greatly increased the cost of network entrepreneurship. In contrast, India’s Internet is completely open, and the concept of elites is more than that of the West.
India’s advantage 4: India has a better geographical location. The Indian subcontinent protrudes into the Indian Ocean, with a humid climate and a large amount of high-quality arable land. More and better arable land can feed India’s growing population. India also controls the Andaman Islands, and the cost of India’s entry into the ocean is much lower than that of China.
India’s advantage 5: India has a better international environment. After China’s rapid development and threat to the status of the United States, the United States’ attitude toward China has changed from being friendly when confronting the Soviet Union together to the current antagonism. Although Western countries have their own interests and are not a strict whole, because of different political systems, Western countries generally support India rather than China. However, India needs to know that making friends with Americans needs to stay awake. Once it loses its use value, it will be abandoned by the United States like the Kurds and the Afghan government.
China’s advantage 1: The land area is more extensive. China’s land area is about 9.6 million square kilometers, which is about three times that of India. Such a vast territory allows China to have abundant natural resources, greater development potential, and a safer strategic depth.
China’s advantage 2: China has a higher level of economic development. China’s nominal GDP in 2020 is 14.72 trillion US dollars, about 70% of that of the United States. If calculated by purchasing power parity, China’s economic aggregate surpassed the United States in 2017, ranking first in the world. In the first three quarters of 2021, China’s economy has maintained healthy growth. In contrast, India’s nominal GDP in 2020 is 2.62 trillion US dollars, which is about 20% of China’s. China promoted the establishment of RCEP and actively sought to join the CPTPP. Trade negotiations with Japan, South Korea, and Europe have also been promoted, and cooperation with Russia and countries along the “belt & road” has gradually deepened. In contrast, India refuses to join RCEP in order to protect its own industries. India’s market barriers are not only higher than China, but also higher than Southeast Asian countries, which will make India miss many opportunities.
China’s advantage 3: China has more complete industrial categories and developed manufacturing industries. China has the title of World Factory and can produce almost all products such as buttons, mobile phones, computers, TVs, cars, airplanes, and space stations. Manufacturing is China’s core advantage in competition. Even if the United States continues to increase the trade war, it has to buy more products from China. The improvement of the industrial chain has enabled China to effectively respond to the negative impact of the epidemic and promote the internal circulation of the economy.
China’s advantage 4: China has a better environment, more complete infrastructure, and is in a leading position in the development of new energy. After more than ten years of environmental remediation, China has effectively controlled environmental pollution, and urban modernization has also achieved considerable results. China has built super-large city clusters such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta, and has built many cities in the central and western regions. These cities are not only full of tall buildings, but also full of economic vitality. China is a world leader in new energy fields such as electric vehicles, solar energy, and wind energy, providing a basic guarantee for the sustainable development of China’s economy.
China’s advantage 5: China is in a leading position in software and hardware technology. China is the world’s largest Internet technology country after the United States. China has Internet giants such as Tencent, Alibaba, and ByteDance, as well as hardware companies such as Huawei, Lenovo, DJI, and Xiaomi. In contrast, Indian local companies are lagging behind in terms of quantity, scale, and quality.
India and China are both important countries in the world, and there are still border disputes between the two countries. The conflict between China and India is a topic that many people are willing to discuss. Terry myself often publishes some remarks against India on the Internet, just as many Indians despise China on the Internet. However, from a rational point of view, India and China are both developing countries. The confrontation between the two countries will lead to missed opportunities to develop into superpowers. Western developed countries will really benefit. In history, the West has never really helped India, but plundered a lot of India’s wealth and brought great suffering to the Indian people. Regardless of whether they like each other or not, India and China should remain sober, ，manage border conflicts, and concentrate on economic development. At least for ordinary people, war will not bring any benefits. If keyboard fighters are unwilling, both sides can decide the victory or defeat by typing on the Internet, letting go of the soldiers on the front line.